India and China must design a framework for regional peace


wang-story_650_060714033300

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit to India last weekend allowed his first meetings with India’s new government, including Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj and, more importantly, Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

But the trip was about more than getting acquainted. The leaders of both countries took one another’s measure, and their conclusions will determine how the relationship between the world’s two most populous countries evolves.

In some ways, the bilateral relationship is already moving in a positive direction, especially on the economic front. But, as trade imbalances favoring China become apparent, India is growing increasingly frustrated. Wang, an establishment figure well versed in Indian affairs, made every effort to downplay these imbalances and promote deeper ties.

A far more formidable challenge will be resolving the dispute over the countries’ Himalayan frontier – the world’s longest unsettled land border. Indeed, “special representatives” from the two countries have already met 17 times to settle the issue, but have made precious little progress, not least because of Chinese concerns about the restive border provinces of Tibet and Xinjiang.

As if the conflict were not already complicated enough, China has adopted an increasingly assertive stance in the area, including several incursions into disputed territory. For example, last year, Chinese troops established a temporary camp in Ladakh’s Depsang valley, leading to a high-stakes standoff with India. As long as the “line of actual control” remains undefined, tensions will continue to escalate – raising serious risks for both countries.

Another major point of contention is China’s reflexive support for Pakistan’s efforts to destabilize Ladakh and Kashmir, buttressed by deepening military cooperation. This aspect of China’s foreign policy is puzzling, not only because it undermines relations with India, but also in view of Chinese fears of Islamist radicalism among Xinjiang’s Uighurs.

All of this highlights a fundamental flaw in China’s external strategy: its efforts to use its increasingly powerful military to intimidate its neighbors come at the expense of its own long-term security. Indeed, instead of trying to build a mutually beneficial relationship with its largest neighbor, China has sought to encircle India by asserting military control of surrounding territories. This so-called “string of pearls” strategy directly threatens India’s national security interests, rendering the type of robust bilateral relationship that would benefit both countries next to impossible.

Of course, China claims that its intentions toward India are peaceful. For example, it contends that its efforts to establish bases in the Indian Ocean and bolster its blue-water navy are aimed at safeguarding the Malacca Straits, a maritime trade route that is perceived as a choke point for the Chinese economy.

But actions speak louder than words – and the message that China’s behavior is sending is far from peaceful. Indeed, Chinese leaders seem to be taking advantage of the opening provided by an overstretched United States to assert control over a broad expanse of Asia’s oceans.

To this end, China has created a vast Air Defense Identification Zone covering most of the East China Sea – including territories claimed and controlled by Japan and South Korea – where it has also declared disputed territories to be part of its own exclusive economic zone. These unilateral moves resemble the announcement by the United States in 1823 of what became known as the Monroe Doctrine, which, among other things, placed Latin America within a strictly U.S. sphere of influence.

At the just-concluded Shangri-La Security Dialogue in Singapore, U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel called China’s actions “destabilizing.” Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe echoed this sentiment, declaring that Japan will play a larger role in safeguarding regional security, including by providing patrol ships, training, and military surveillance equipment to countries engaged in territorial disputes with China.

The response from China was immediate and unambiguous. Wang Guanzhong, deputy chief of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army, blasted Hagel and Abe for “corroborating and colluding … to provoke and challenge China.”

While Modi has not yet commented on the security challenge that China’s actions are creating, he will have to do so soon. In fact, Chinese President Xi Jinping practically insisted that India join the discussion when, in a speech in Shanghai last month, he said that “India, the world’s largest weapons-systems importer, must take very serious note” of mounting regional tensions.

But Modi will need to offer more than words to meet India’s national security interests. Because India has just endured a decade of neglect by the previous Congress government, the new administration will have to act quickly and decisively to safeguard the country’s national security. This imperative is made all the more urgent by China’s decision to expand its defense budget by more than 12 percent, to $132 billion, in the next fiscal year, as well as its recently concluded 30-year energy deal with Russia, which has strategic implications for India.

Wang’s visit thus came at a time of fundamental redefinition of Sino-Indian relations. Given that continued friction is inevitable, even if no conflict occurs, the challenge is to find a way to engage in creative and competitive cooperation that bolsters both countries’ efforts to eradicate poverty and promote economic development.

Xi has said that, “We need to innovate in our security concepts, establish a new regional security-cooperation architecture, and jointly build a shared, win-win road for Asian security.” But China’s actions suggest that its leaders view Chinese hegemony as the only viable security structure for the region.

Subordination to China is certainly not Modi’s goal. The question is whether he can work with China and other Asian actors to design an alternative framework for regional peace.

Source: Jaswant SIngh to The Daily Star
Jaswant SIngh a former Indian finance minister, foreign minister, and defense minister, is the author of “Jinnah: India-Partition-Independence” and “ India At Risk: Mistakes, Misconceptions and Misadventures Of Security Policy.”

 

Cheap Louis Vuitton Sneakers
Louis Vuitton Enveloppe East West
Louis Vuitton Monogram Neverfull Mm Shoulder Bag F
Louis Vuitton Date Code Ct
Louis Vuitton Prices In Usa Versus Paris
Real Vs Fake Louis Vuitton Damier Speedy
Sito Ufficiale Louis Vuitton Italia
Louis Vuitton Siracusa Gm Damier Azur Canvas N41111
Span With The Bonnie Collecti Replica Louis Vuitton Handbags On
Louis Vuitton Ebay Australia
Louis Vuitton Metis Bag Replica
Louis Vuitton Handbags Youtube
Louis Vuitton Shoes Paris
Louis Vuitton Monogram Vernis Bag Summit Drive M93516 Wheatsku
Louis Vuitton China Shops
Fabolous Ft J Cole Louis Vuitton
Louis Vuitton Speedy Base Shaper
Louis Vuitton Bags Online Usa
Louis Vuitton Alma Vernis Rose
Louis Vuitton Catalina Ns Monogram Vernis Grabd Bleu M90050 Handbags
Louis Vuitton 4 Sale 2011
Authentic Louis Vuitton Speedy 30 Handbag
Official Louis Vuitton Outlet Store Online
Louis Vuitton Jeans Yahoo
Louis Vuitton Women Handbags Neverfull Gm Saint Tropez Piment M40894
Authentic Louis Vuitton Outlet Paypal
Louis Vuitton Monogram Vernis Sarah Wallet
Louis Vuitton Keepall 55 With Shoulder Strap Damier Graphite Canvas Black N41413
Louis Vuitton Factory Outlet Hawaii
Where Can I Buy A Real Louis Vuitton Bag
Wholesale Womens Price Of New Louis Vuitton Bags Sale
Super Lovely Louis Vuitton Vintage Authentice Speedy 25 Boston Bag Han
Louis Vuitton Shopping Bags
Cheap Louis Vuitton Replica Handbags Uk For Sale
Louis Vuitton Charms And Key Rings Vp 7019 Fashionable
Espace Louis Vuitton Tokyo Archive
Louis Vuitton M97064 Handbags Coffe
Louis Vuitton Backpack Men Ebay
China Wholesale Louis Vuitton Clothing
Louis Vuitton Online Outlet
Limited Edition Louis Vuitton Ostrich Speedy 30
Louis Vuitton Second Hand Bagatelle Satchel Bag
Online Lv Uk Shop &Amp; Top Replica Louis Vuitton Bags
Louis Vuitton Iphone 4 Case Damier Graphite
Louis Vuitton Speedy 35 Damier Canvas
Louis Vuitton Trotteur Beaubourg M97037
Real Louis Vuitton Sneakers
Fake Louis Vuitton In Korea
Fake Louis Vuitton Damier Wallet
Authentic Louis Vuitton Addicts
Authentic Discounted Louis Vuitton Purses
Louis Vuitton Luggage Used
Louis Vuitton Monogram Canvas Totally Pm M56688
Louis Vuitton Mens Messenger Bags
Louis Vuitton New Handbag Collection 2011
Louis Vuitton Speedy Mirror Silver Bag
Purchase Louis Vuitton Gift Card
Neverfull Louis Vuitton Damier
Louis Vuitton Shoes Brown Thomas
Louis Vuitton Tiendas Online Pago Seguro
Strongsmall Louis Vuitton Bags
Louis Vuitton Utah Keepall
Are Louis Vuitton Bags On Ebay Real
New Louis Vuitton Montsouris Backpack
Louis Vuitton Monogram Canvas Neverfull Mm M40156
Louis Vuitton Monogram Purse
Louis Vuitton Speedy Damier Ebene 35
Louis Vuitton Sale Boxing Day
New Louis Vuitton Store
How Much Is A Louis Vuitton Delightful Pm
Authentic Louis Vuitton On Sale
Louis Vuitton Black Epi Speedy 25 Bag
Louis Vuitton Monogram Multicolore Marilyn Or Black White M40207 Handbags
Louis Vuitton Monogram Vernis Vanity Gm M93511
Louis Vuitton Speedy 40 Kopen
Youtube How To Spot A Fake Louis Vuitton
Louis Vuitton Epi Leather Neverfull
Official Louis Vuitton Bags
Louis Vuitton Scarf Monogram
Louis Vuitton M93575 Wallet Monogram Vernis Zippy
Louis Vuitton Speedy Bandouliere 35 Damier Azur Canvas Beige N41002
Louis Vuitton Wallet Monogram
Louis Vuitton Luggage Vintage
Stronghermes Accuses Louis Vuitton Parent Of Historic Fraud
Louis Vuitton Resort 2013 Ad Campaign
Louis Vuitton Watch Skeleton
Louis Vuitton Store Opening
Louis Vuitton Women Neverfull
Louis Vuitton Purse With Flower
Website To Buy Fake Louis Vuitton
Rohff Louis Vuitton Youtube
Global Store Louis Vuitton
Louis Vuitton Japan Case Analysis
Louis Vuitton At Americana Manhasset
Louis Vuitton Beanie Hat Black
Louis Vuitton Black Sequins Bow Headband
Justin Bieber Fake Louis Vuitton Jacket
Louis Vuitton Speedy 30 Serial Number
Fake Louis Vuitton Kanye West Dons
Louis Vuitton Lv Lumineuse
Women’S Louis Vuitton Sunglasses For Sale
Louis Vuitton Monogram Vernis Summit Drive M93516 Cream M93516Cr
Louis Vuitton Locations In Oregon
Louis Vuitton Monogram Empreinte
Louis Vuitton Keepall 45 Damier Graphite
Louis Vuitton Monogram Empreinte Bag
Louis Vuitton Scarf Black And White
Louis Vuitton Cut Long Dam
Louis Vuitton Outlet Official Real
Louis Vuitton Jacket Fake
Louis Vuitton M40329 Brea Mm
Louis Vuitton Women Wallets Zippy Organizer Ivory M6385J
Louis Vuitton Marie Wallet
Louis Vuitton Outlet Usa 2012
Louis Vuitton Speedy 40 New
Louis Vuitton 40249
Louis Vuitton Keepall Repair
Monogram Multicolore Louis Vuitton
Used Louis Vuitton Duffle Bag
Louis Vuitton Launches
Louis Vuitton Cruise Collection 2012 Handbags
Louis Vuitton Convenient Strategies To Enhance Your Website&Amp;
Fake Louis Vuitton Damier Inventeur Belt
Louis Vuitton Women’S Bags &Amp; Handbags Batignolles Brown M511
Louis Vuitton Men Sunglasses Socoa Damier Gold Z0215U
Louis Vuitton Classic Serenissima Run In Venice
Soft Texture Louis Vuitton Stylishago Leather Stylishago 12 Cc Bill Holder M95789
Louis Vuitton Speedy Price 2013
Louis Vuitton Belts Lv Cut Monogram Canvas Belt With Golden Buckle Monogram M6887Q
Louis Vuitton Men Key Holders
Louis Vuitton Outlet Kuala Lumpur
Online Louis Vuitton Shoes Online
Louis Vuitton Vintage Monogram Canvas Marne Shoulder Bag Louis Vuitton Brands
Louis Vuitton Messenger Bag Saks
Louis Vuitton Belts Octogone Monogram Vernis Belt 40 Mm Amarante Rose Florentin M9832Q
Louis Vuitton France Wikipedia
Louis Vuitton Shoes High Top Sneakers 2014
Louis Vuitton Flagship Store Japan
Fake Louis Vuitton Bags 2012
Louis Vuitton Monogram Empreinte Leather Speedy Bandouliere
Louis Vuitton 2
Louis Vuitton Garment Bag Ebay
Auth Louis Vuitton Womens Bag Purse Excellent Condition
Louis Vuitton Wallet Joey
Used Louis Vuitton Bags In Japan
Louis Vuitton Women Handbags Leather Petit Noe Ivory M5921J
Louis Vuitton Eva Clutch Damier Vs Monogram
Louis Vuitton Sales Are Not Impressing
Lv Louis Vuitton Kanye West Sneakers Jaspers Shoes
Louis Vuitton Porte Documents Voyage Gm Bag N41123 Replica
Louis Vuitton Briefcase Wheels
Louis Vuitton News And Features Glamour
Louis Vuitton Pallas Price
Louis Vuitton Jeans Calf Leather Belt
Louis Vuitton Keepall 50 In Monogram A
Louis Vuitton Denim Wallet M61723
Louis Vuitton Store In Cebu Philippines
Louis Vuitton City Guide Paris Download
Louis Vuitton Cheap Designer Handbags
Genuine Louis Vuitton Olav Pm Damier Shoulder Bag N41442
2 Chainz Louis Vuitton Lyrics
Louis Vuitton Usa Date Codes
Louis Vuitton Miroir Speedy 35
Louis Vuitton M40123 Ursulas
Louis Vuitton Damier Gm Sunglasses
Strong1992 Louis Vuitton Red Blue Noe Bag Photo Vintage Print Ad
Louis Vuitton Ellipse Moyen
Louis Vuitton Stratos Set Size 85 &Amp; 80 Leather Suitcase Luggage Case Trunk Bag
Louis Vuitton Major Loafer In Leather 860283
Louis Vuitton Sale Mens Shoes
Louis Vuitton Bags Official Website Sale Uk Cheap For Orders
Louis Vuitton Belt Sale
Louis Vuitton Alma New Collection
Louis Vuitton Singapore Hr
Authentic Louis Vuitton Speedy 35 Mini Boston Hand Doctor Bag Purse Monogram
Louis Vuitton Official Website Womens
Denim Louis Purse Vuitton
Louis Vuitton Monogram Toiletry Pouch 15 Cosmetic Makeup Travel Case Bag Lv
Louis Vuitton Women Handbags Ballade Mm Speia M40572
Louis Vuitton Keepall Azur
Imitation Louis Vuitton Dog Collar
Louis Vuitton Union Outlet
Does Nordstrom Sell Louis Vuitton
Mariko Mori Infinite Renew At Espace Louis Vuitton Tokyo
Louis Vuitton Epi Montaigne Clutch
Louis Vuitton Montsouris Backpack Large
Louis Vuitton Neo Robusto 3 Boreal M32620 Handbags
Louis Vuitton Wilshire Mm Monogram Canvas M45644
Louis Vuitton Galliera Amalfitana
Louis Vuitton Men Tie Clips
Louis Vuitton Monogram Venis M91420 Black
Louis Vuitton 5Th Avenue Yelp
Louis Vuitton Spring 2013 Lookbook
Louis Vuitton Damier Azur Speedy Knockoff
Louis Vuitton Zippy Wallet Monogram Review
Louis Vuitton Agenda Calendar
Louis Vuitton Stephen Monogram Beige &Amp; Black Leather Bag
Louis Vuitton Key Pouch Vernis
Louis Vuitton Altair Clutch M40501 Deals
Louis Vuitton Belts Lv Initiales Monogram Multicolore Belt Black White M9630Q